Acrylic is an incredibly versatile color and can be processed using a wide variety of painting techniques.
Here are some of the painting techniques, which are particularly suitable for acrylic painting:
In prima painting is painted in one go, without the use of layers, glazes or corrections. The acrylic paints are mixed exclusively on the pallet and then applied spontaneously. Since sizes, positions and shapes as well as light and shadow effects have to be taken into account from the beginning, prima painting is a rather sophisticated painting technique. You should think about it or make a rough sketch in advance.
The painting technique of layer painting is characterized by the fact that several layers of paint are applied on top of each other. Because they dry quickly, acrylic paints are particularly suitable for this painting technique.
In contrast to layer painting, the paint layers are kept transparent or semi-transparent in the glazing technique. For this purpose, the acrylic paints are usually painted diluted with a little water.
This painting technique also works with different layers, but paints the new layer into the not yet dried color of the old layer. It originates from oil painting, where it benefits from the long drying time of the oil paints. It can also be implemented in acrylic, a helpful painting agent Drying delayers, which give the painter more time with the comparatively fast drying acrylic paints.
Impasto technology works with particularly thick paint jobs. If acrylic is used for this painting technique, the colors are usually mixed with a structural paste or with Gel painting agents which give the acrylic paints more volume. Typical for the impasto painting technique are the relief structures that are clearly recognizable even after drying. Due to the short drying times, acrylic is also suitable for impasto jobs in several layers, for which it would take weeks or months in oil painting.
The filler technology also works with thick, pasty paint jobs. The acrylic paint (often mixed with structural paste) is applied to the painting base with a painting knife or a spatula. Since acrylic dries quickly and also allows for very thick layers of paint, this color technique is suitable for this than any other. Important for this painting technique is a well-grounded, solid painting ground.
Due to its good adhesive properties, acrylic is also particularly suitable for the technique of collaging. Here, for example, newspaper clippings, photographs or everyday objects are glued on and combined with painting techniques. If the collage materials are light enough, they can be glued with the acrylic paint itself.
Most ready-to-use airbrush paints are particularly finely pigmented, acrylic-based liquid paints. Accordingly, it is also possible to dilute firmer acrylic paints with water or corresponding paints so that they can be applied with a spray gun. During airbrushing, a finely dosed paint mist is sprayed onto the painting ground by means of air pressure. If you want to try airbrushing, it is recommended to attend a special airbrush course for beginners.
Liquid airbrush paints, as they are acrylic-based, are also excellent for acrylic painting and are also used in hand lettering.